The following is taken from an excellent book called "Grenada, Carriacou, Petit Martinique: Spice Islands of the Caribbean"

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The parish with the longest coastline, St Andrew has a population of approximately 23, 000. There are many well established estates here, consequently it is the largest producer of Grenada’s main export crops - cocoa, nutmegs and bananas, as well as spices, vegetables, coconuts, fruit and flowers.

Rainbow City is the name affectionately chosen by residents to call their lovely old town of Grenville. It is situated at the eastern end of the parish, nestled around a wide bay which, were it not for a series of coral reefs which make shipping maneuvers a bit tricky, would be a much busier port especially for the shipping of produce from this highly agricultural parish. This often has to be trucked to St George’s where the deep-water harbour is much more accessible to ocean going vessels.

The French, when in possession of the island, called this Grenville harbour “La Baye” and the name has continued to be used to designate the area in and around the town. Grenville was originally built on a site just south of its present location, in the Fedon rebellion of 1795/96 it was the first town to be sacked by the rebels. After the rebellion, the town was rebuilt on its present site. Many interesting old buildings are in evidence here, for example the Anglican Church, the police station, the government revenue and post offices and the courthouse behind which the market is located. On Saturdays, the Market Square is a hive of activity. Beef from freshly slaughtered animals is on sale, as well as fish and live crabs.

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Fedon’s rebellion The French, by the Treaty of Versailles in 1783, returned Grenada to the British. In the years that followed those French who remained in Grenada, suffered immense loss of liberties and religious persecution under British rule, although not equal to the cruelty experienced by the slaves.

On March 3, 1795, with support from the French Revolutionaries in Martinique and joined by slaves and ‘free coloureds’, the French rebelled, and under the leadership of Julien Fedon a Grenadian of African and French descent and the owner of Belvidere Estate, attacked the British. Apart from the capital St George’s the rebels took virtually all of Grenada, razing Grenville town in the ensuing battles. Many people were killed.

Fedon established his head- quarters on a mountaintop strong- hold and fought courageous battles against great odds. These ‘rebels’ were considered freedom fighters by the slaves throughout the Caribbean. The French, how- ever, saw the rebellion as an opportunity to regain a colony.

The extent and success of the revolt sent shock waves around the British Empire and despite numerous attempts to retake the island, Fedon’s rebels remained in control for fourteen months.

It took one of the largest land forces ever used in a military operation by the British in the Caribbean to defeat the rebels. The British eventually overran Fedon’s Camp. The surviving ‘freedom fighters’ were executed by public hanging in the Market Square in St George’s. Julien Fedon was never captured and he disappeared.

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